Skill Development: A Tool to Fight Extremism

Left Wing Extremism poses challenges in various pockets of India. In these geographical enclaves, there is a sheer lack of skills among youths and they are forced to remain unemployed. In such scenario, they are very prone to the extremism.
In this backdrop, appropriate policies for skilling youths are realized. And now it occupies a dominant position in the policy making circle. The Union Government rolled out several initiatives.
Recently, the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Labour and Employment, Bandaru Dattatreya said that Governmen formulated following schemes for establishment of Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) in 17 States and Skill Development Centres (SDCs) in 9 States:
(i) Skill Development in 34 Districts Affected by Left Wing Extremism
(ii) Enhancing Skill Development Infrastructure in NE States & Sikkim.

Skill Development in 34 Districts Affected by Left Wing Extremism
Cost of the scheme: Rs. 241.65 Crore
Duration of the scheme: From March, 2011 to 31st March, 2016.

Components:
(i) Skill training programmes for: 
• 1000 youth in Long Term Training (30 per district)
• 4000 youth in Short Term Training (120 per district)
• Train 340 youth in Instructor Training (10 per district)

(ii) Infrastructure will be created for:
• 34 Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) (one ITI per district). Cost of one ITI is Rs. 532.60 lakh.
• 68 Skill Development Centres (SDCs) ( two SDCs per district). Cost of one SDC is Rs. 50.00 lakh.

Skill Development for 34 Affected Districts by Left Wing Extremism
States Covered
1. Andhra Pradesh: Pradesh Khamam
2. Bihar: Jamui, Gaya, Aurangabad, Rohtas, Jehanabad, Arwal
3. Chhattisgarh: Dantewada, Bastar, Kanker, Surguja, Rajnandgaon, Bijapur, Narayanpur
4. Jharkhand: Chatra, West Singhbhum, Palamau, Garhwa, East Singhbhum, Bokaro, Lohardaga, Gumla, Latehar, Hazaribagh
5. Madhya Pradesh: Balaghat
6. Maharashtra: Gadchiroli K, Gondia
7 Orissa: Gajapati, Malkangiri, Rayagada, Deogarh, Sambalpur
8. Uttar Pradesh: Sonebhadra
9. West Bengal: Paschim Midnapur (Lalgarh Area) 

Enhancing Skill Development Infrastructure in NE States and Sikkim
Cost of the scheme: Rs 149.80 crore.
Duration of the scheme: From February, 2011 to 31st March, 2017.
The scheme has provision for Central assistance to States in following three components:
• Upgradation of 20 ITIs by introducing three new trades per ITI;
• Supplementing infrastructure deficiencies in 28 ITIs by constructing new hostel, boundary wall and supplementing old and obsolete tools and equipment; and
• Establishment of 14 New ITIs in 7 States.

Name of the States 
Arunachal pradesh
Assam
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Sikkim
Tripura

Similar initiative has started by Indian Government in Jammu & Kashmir which is known as Udaan.

Note: This Post is largely based on a written reply in Parliament by the Minister of State (IC) for Labour and Employment, Bandaru Dattatreya.